Complete Guide of Medical Bed Types for Home Care

Hospital bed Toronto

For the health and desires of the patient, medical beds may be adjusted in height and by raising and lowering the head and lower body regions. People who are immobile or who spend the majority of their time in bed can need medical beds with more positions and choices to avoid pressure sores. Hospital bed Toronto are divided into three categories: manual, semi-electric, and complete electric, as well as those that are more advanced (such as bariatric beds).

There are two primary categories of hospital beds to pick from when purchasing a home treatment or hospital bed: manual hospital beds and electric hospital beds. While manual hospital beds are less costly, they often have less features. Although it can go up and down, corrections must be made manually, which may be taxing on the caregiver. If height changes can not be made often, a manual bed could be the best option for you (and your budget!). Power hospital beds are available in two configurations: fully electric and semi-electric. A full electronic bed allows for remote adjustment of the bed's height, head, and feet, while a semi electric bed allows for electric height adjustment only, with manual head and foot changes. Thus, depending on the patient's condition, a semi-electric bed will be sufficient in certain situations, whereas a fully electric hospital bed may be needed in others.


Hand cranks are used to change the height of the bunk, as well as lift and lower the head and foot of the bed. These are the most cost-effective beds and are ideal for people who do not need regular repositioning. Hand cranks are usually located at the foot of the bed and must be operated by someone who is physically fit.

Semi Electric 

The head and foot parts of the bed are raised and lowered by an electric motor. By clicking buttons on a hand pendant, patients and caregivers may change the placement. The bed's height is set manually using a hand crank, and it must be used by someone who is physically capable of doing so. Semi-electric beds are suitable for people who do not need frequent adjustments to their bed's height but want the convenience of touch-button placement.

Full Electric

The patient and/or caregiver will adjust the bed's height and orientation using a hand pendant, which eliminates the need for a hand crank (unless there is a power outage, However, several beds also have a backup battery that can support the bed in an emergency). Patients can move in and out of bed more easily, and the bed can be raised to a suitable height for caregivers to tend to the patient or adjust linens. Trendelenburg, reverse Trendelenburg, and cardiac chair locations are often accessible on complete electric beds.


Mattresses are not used with medical beds because they are part of a kit. Selecting the proper mattress to reduce the severity of bed sores is critical for people who are immobile or spend the bulk of their day in bed.Bed sores are debilitating bruises to the skin and tissues under the skin that are often classified as pressure ulcers/sores or decubitus (lying in bed) ulcers/sores. They are most often found in weight-bearing areas of the body that are exposed to pressure, moisture, shear, friction, or a mixture of these causes. Bed sores on the heels, sacrum, knees, shoulder blades, and back of the head are typical while a patient is lying down. Shear forces can induce bed sores on the back of the head, shoulder blades, and sacrum in a reclining posture, while friction forces can trigger bed sores on the patient's bottom and feet.

Types of Mattress

Innerspring mattresses have a more conventional feel and are less expensive. If the patient is immobile or spending the bulk of the day in bed, these mattresses may raise discomfort and temperature in some places, creating bed sores. Patients who average more than 10 hours a day in bed can avoid innerspring mattresses. As a result of these factors, innerspring mattresses are no longer a common option for Hospital beds Toronto.Therapeutic foam mattresses are made to relieve strain on the body parts that are prone to developing bed sores. Softer foam is used in pressure point regions of the body (such as the head, feet, elbows, and so on) and more durable foam is used along the mattress's edges.Alternating pressure mattresses are made up of individual air cells that inflate and deflate to regulate pressure and skin moisture. The pressure points on these mattresses are relieved, and blood supply and ventilation are improved. It aids in the prevention of bed sores as well as the curing of current sores.

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